Abel Aganbegyan made an excursion into the economic policy of the Russian government in 2013-2014, which led to stagnation. The scientist considers the main mistake to be the curtailment of state investments (and state support of private) just at the time when they needed to be increased - primarily due to the increasing (both in terms of time and proportionately) depreciation of fixed assets, which almost reached the point of full depreciation today, while 22 percent of all equipment works beyond the allotted time. And about 70% of acquired machinery and equipment in Russia are foreign-made. “The trouble does not come alone,” the academician quoted the Russian proverb. - Lack of investment and low input of fixed assets were aggravated by the outflow of capital that arose during the crisis of 2008-2009, which has been going on for the ninth year. For 8 years, about 650 billion dollars have left the country. Export revenue also decreased. ” Falling oil prices, sanctions and counter-sanctions also played a role. But these are only the events of the last two years, while everything else has been accumulating much longer ...
When you get acquainted with the strategies of the regions, you see that their authors usually try to formulate several tasks that cover all aspects of society. For example, increasing the competitiveness of a region or raising the level of culture, etc. Meanwhile, in each strategy, the improvement of the living standards of the region’s population is always in the center of attention. But almost never do we see in the strategy specific tasks to increase the contribution of this region to the socio-economic development of the country. It does not come down to increasing the specific gravity of the region, for example, in creating the country's gross domestic product, but usually it is much higher than that due to those industries and areas of specialization in which the region plays a significant role. Many consider it extremely important that each of these tasks, which they list in the usual regional strategy, be divided into subtasks, and those, in turn, into smaller tasks. As a result, several dozen tasks of the region are formulated, usually set out not specifically with respect to any large enterprise or organization of this region, but with regard to the direction of activity.
ECONOMY OF RUSSIA IN THE PERIOD OF FIVE-YEAR STAGNATION.
NEW GOVERNMENT 2020 AND A SET OF MEASURES FOR SOLVING ECONOMIC PROBLEMS.
AGHANBEGYAN THE GREAT
Abel Gezevich Aganbegyan, born October 8, 1932 in Tiflis, is a Soviet and Russian economist, a specialist in the organization of industrial production, labor productivity, wages, macroeconomics, econometrics, and management. Doctor of Economics (1963), Academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences (1974; corresponding member since 1964). During the years of perestroika (1985-1991) he was an adviser to the Secretary General of the Central Committee of the CPSU M. S. Gorbachev on economic issues.
He graduated from the general economic faculty of the Moscow State Economic Institute (1955) and correspondence postgraduate study there (1958). Member of the CPSU since 1956. He worked in the State Committee of the Council of Ministers of the USSR on labor and wages): economist, senior economist, head of sector, deputy head of department (1955-1961). In 1958-1960 he taught at the Department of Political Economy of Moscow State University.
In 1961, he became the head of the sector at the Institute of Economics and Industrial Engineering of the Siberian Branch of the Academy of Sciences (IEOPP SB AS USSR), two years later received a doctorate in economics, and a year later - the title of corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences. Head of the Laboratory of Economic and Mathematical Research, IEOEP (1962-1965) and Novosibirsk State University (1965-1966), Director of the Laboratory for the Application of Statistical and Mathematical Methods in Economics (1966). In 1966, at the age of 33, he became director of the IEEPP and remained in this position until 1984. One of the founders of the Faculty of Economics of NSU, where he worked as associate professor (1962-1963), professor (1963-1985), head of the department of political economy (1963-1970). Member of the Presidium, Chairman of the Joint Scientific Council on Economic Sciences of the Siberian Branch of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1966-1985), Chairman of the Scientific Council for Problems of the BAM (1974-1987), Deputy Chairman of the Scientific Council of the SB Department of the USSR Academy of Sciences on the problem of integrated development of natural resources and development of the productive forces of Siberia ( Siberia program) (1979-1981).
Since 1985, again in Moscow: Chairman of the USSR Academy of Sciences Commission on the Study of Productive Forces and Natural Resources (1985-1989), academician-secretary of the Economics Department and member of the Presidium of the USSR Academy of Sciences (1986-1989). He was the rector of the Academy of National Economy under the Council of Ministers of the USSR / Government of the Russian Federation (1989-2002), since 2002 - head of the Department of Economic Theory and Politics in the same place.
Chairman of the Bureau of the Section for the Promotion of Economic Knowledge under the Board of the All-Union Knowledge Society. Editor-in-chief of the EKO magazine (1970-1988), member of the editorial board of the journals Science and Life, Finance and Business, Economics and Management, and Economic Policy.
Chairman of the Board of Directors of the British-Russian joint venture Link, Chairman of the Council of Zenit Bank, initiator of construction of the Zenit business center in Moscow. He is a member of the collegial deliberative bodies: the Board of Trustees of NPF Lukoil-Garant and the Scientific and Technical Council of Gazprom.
Author and co-author of more than 250 scientific publications, including 20 monographs. Books on the economic problems of perestroika (1988-1989) were published in 12 countries.
At age 35, he was awarded the Order of Lenin, at age 40 he was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor.
Foreign member of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, corresponding member of the British Academy, honorary member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Honorary Doctor of the University of Lodz, Graduate School of Public Servants in Barcelona, University of Alicante, University of California and Seoul. Honorary Doctor of Business Administration, Kingston University, Professor Emeritus, St. Petersburg University of Management and Economics.
The Date and Address
The performance took place on March 5, 2020 in the Moscow Digital Living Room at the address: 6/1 Sretensky Boulevard, Moscow. building 1, office 4.
The Terms of Participation
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